#Kamias – is considered a fruit that strengthens the immune system to a high quantity of ascorbic acid.

Averrhoa bilimbi probably originated in Indonesia, though the species is now cultivated and found throughout the Philippines and Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Myanmar, and Malaysia. Essentially a tropical tree, kamias is less resistant to cold, and glows best in rich and well-drained soil.

The kamias usually begins to glower in February then blooms and bear fruits more or less continously until December. The fruits are usually picked by hand; these need gentle handling because of their thin skin.

No pest or plant diseases have been reported specifically for the kamias tree.

Averrhoa bilimbi, or bilimbi, is widely called kamias in the Philippines and “cucumber tree” or “tree sorrel” in English. The 5 – 12 m tall tree is native to southeast Asia and was once common in all local household backyards. It is fruit-bearing tree, and the small (4 cm in length), green, acidic fruits have various culinary uses. Kamias gives a sour flavor to dishes. One type recipe is bangus belly in sour soup.

The fruits can also be eaten raw, dipped in rock salt, transformed into juice or relish or pickled. Kamias is also sometimes used as a subtitutes for tamarind.

This species is also considered to have medicinal properties. Leaves of the tree can be used to treat itchy skin, insect or animal bites, swilling and rheumatism. Infusions of the the flowers are given to treat cough. It is considered a fruit that strengthens the immune system to a high quantity of ascorbic acid.

Despite these many uses, kamias is not a commercially cultivated fruit can only occasionally be found in local markets. The tree was once quite widespread throughout the Philippines, but now is found mainly in rural areas.

One of nature’s unappreciated fruit is kamias or bilimbi. The sour fruit is a natural source of vitamins B and C, iron phosphorus and anioxidants.

Its other amazing benefits: Its leave relieve coughing, thrush, hemorrhoids, stings, itches, pimples and skin eruptions.

The fruits of Kamias

The fruit of the kamias tree contains protein, fiber, phosphorous, calcium, iron, thiamine, reboflavin, carotene, ascorbic acid, and niacin among others.

Its fruits can control gastrointestinal bleeding in the stomach, fight cholesterol, fever and inflammation, and prevent cough, beriberi and scurvy.

Kamias is Antibacterial agents

The high acid content of juice/paste makes it good agent for removing stains from the skin. The juice serves as mordants (serves to fix color) in the preparation of an orange dye for silk fabrics. Fruits of bilimbi or kamias can whitening and the smooth skin.

The leaves are applied as a paste or poulticed on itches, swellings of mumps and rheumatism, and on skin eruption. The leaves have hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activites. The leaves and fruit extract is an effective antibacterial against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enteritidis.

The juice from its fruit can be used for household purposes, like cleaning and bleaching, it removes rust and stain

Medicinal and otheruses

When ground into a paste, the leaves can be applied to soothe itches, swelling, rheumatism, mumps, or skin eruptions.

Other claimed that a leaf blend is used as an after-birth tonic, while the flower infusion is used for thrush, cold and cough.

In other countries, a syrup made from kamias fruit is used to treat inflammatory conditions.

In Muslim areas, the acidic juice of the kamias is often used to clean kris blades. The juice can also be used as an alternative stain remover.

Whenever you may see kamias tree, remember that it is very useful, prolofic, and sturdy – and may even outlive us.

It is said that in Indonesia, the red flowers of the kamias tree are sought after as an ingredient for the natural red dye used for traditional textiles.

Effects of Averrhoa Bilimbi Leaf extract on Blood Glucose and Lipids in Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats

Novel discovery of Averrhoa bilimbi ethanolic leaf extract in the stimulation of brown fat differentiation program in combating diet-induced obesity. (Lau WK, et al. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2019. PMID: 31488120)


The present study was designed to investigate the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities of an ethanolic extract of Averrhoa bilimbi Linn. Leaves (Oxalidaceae, common name: Bilimbi) in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats.

The optimal hypoglycemic dose (125 mg kg(1)) was determined by performing the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in both normal and STZ-diabetic rats. To investigate the effect of repeated with vehicle (distilled water), ABE (125 mg kg (-1)) or metformin (500) mg kg (-1) twice a day for 2 weeks. Like metformin, ABE significantly lowered blood glucose by 50% and blood triglyceride by 30% when compared with the behicle.

Kamias rods contain saponnis, sulphur, tannins, glucoside, calcium oxalate, and formic acid and for the leaves contain tannins, sulphur, formic acid and peroxide, in particular, kamias can be used to lowering blood pressure treatment.

ABE thus significantly increased the LDL-cholesterol concentrations by 60% compared with the behicle. ABE thus significantly increases the anti-atherogenic index and HDL cholesterol/total cholesterol ratio.

Kamias is known to prevent rheumatism and has the benefit to relieve rheumatic pain.

However, like metformin, ABE did not affect total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations, but significantly reduced the kidney lipid peroxidation level. These data show that ABE has hypoglycemic, hypotriglyceridemic, anti-lipid peroxidative and anti-atherogenic properties in STZ- diabetic rats.

Kamias Health Benefits

Used as Cough Treatment

Kamias fruit can be a good medicine to relieve cough. The sour taste of kamias will relieve cough and the content of expectoran substance will also relieve the throat.

Kamias can be used as a natural treatment to cure toothace. Kamias has a substances that able to fight against bacteria and good for treating toothache.

Kamias Loss Weight

Health benefits of kamias can be used as weight loss treatment or diet plan. The kamias has vitamin B, C, fiber and antioxidants. Kamias are able to control gastrointestinal and able to control the cholesterol.

Consume kamias as part of you diet. Kamias has a very few calories.

Prevent Premature Aging

Kamias contains excellent antioxidant substances to prevent premature aging. Vitamin C and vitamin A are antioxidants contained in kamias. Antioxidants will counteract the free radicals that are the primary cause of premature aging. Mineral and vitamin content available in ka ias is also afficacious to reduce wrinkles and fine lines on the skin.



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